IDENTIFY THE SIGNS
Here are some of the signs to help you determine if your child has a speech, language, or hearing disorder.
Signs of a Language Disorder
- A language disorder may be spoken and/or written (reading and writing). It may also be receptive (understanding) and/or expressive (talking, reading, writing, or signing).
- Doesn't smile or interact with others (birth–3 months)
- Doesn't babble (4–7 months)
- Makes few sounds (7–12 months)
- Does not use gestures (e.g., waving, pointing) (7–12 months)
- Doesn't understand what others say (7 months–2 years)
- Says only a few words (12–18 months)
- Doesn't put words together to make sentences (1½–2 years)
- Says fewer than 50 words (2 years)
- Has trouble playing and talking with other children (2–3 years)
- Has problems with early reading and writing skills—for example, may not show an interest in books or drawing (2½–3 years)
Signs of a Speech Sound Disorder
- Says p, b, m, h, and w incorrectly in words most of the time (1–2 years)
- Says k, g, f, t, d, and n incorrectly in words most of the time (2–3 years)
- Produces speech that is unclear, even to familiar people (2–3 years)
- Say the sounds correctly when you talk—it's okay if your child makes some mistakes with sounds Don't correct speech sounds—it's more important to let your child keep talking
Signs of Stuttering (Disfluency)
- Struggles to say sounds or words (2½–3 years)
- Repeats first sounds of words—"b-b-b-ball" for "ball" (2½–3 years)
- Pauses a lot while talking (2½–3 years)
- Stretches sounds out—"f-f-f-f-farm" for "farm" (2½–3 years)
Signs of a Voice Disorder
- Uses a hoarse or breathy voice
- Uses a nasal-sounding voice
Signs of a Hearing Loss
- Shows lack of attention to sounds (birth–1 year)
- Doesn't respond when you call his/her name (7 months–1 year)
- Doesn't follow simple directions (1–2 years)
- Shows delays in speech and language development (birth–3 years)
What to look for in an SLP or Audiologist?
- Look for an SLP or audiologist who has earned the Certificate of Clinical Competence (CCC) from ASHA. ASHA-certified SLPs have "CCC-SLP" after their names. ASHA-certified audiologists have "CCC-A" after their names.
- An ASHA-certified SLP or audiologist has a master's degree or doctoral degree, has a state license to practice, has a teaching certificate if required, participates in continuing education activities.
Brought to you by Interactive Therapy Solutions Inc. Information obtained from the American Speech Language Hearing Association ASHA, please visit www.asha.org to learn more.